repair guide for pvc, p.u and hypalon
here is a guide to repairing your rib, with examples to show you correct preparation before you attempt.
before starting your inflatable repair
firstly you must take care with solvents and adhesives, use correct protective equipment where necessary.
getting started on your repair
its important that you work out what material your rib or inflatable is! here is a guide to make life a little easier
Once you are certain you have established which you have it is important to purchase the correct adhesive.
- bostik 2402
- polymarine pvc
- toobbond pvc
- ibs(inflatable boat supplies)
- bostic 2402
other tools you will require!
- seam roller
- heat gun
- 60 grit sand paper
- stirring sticks for mixing adhesive
- lint free cloth
- stiff metal scraper with rounded corners blunted off
- matching material to your tube
- a flat smooth surface to roll against
- adhesive/ disposable brush
- small amount of polythene sheet
- benzene or atleast acetone solvent (MEK for pvc)
things to note
- pvc and p.u do not require sanding unless fabric is old and hard
- hypalon must always be sanded correctly
- use m.e.k solvent on pvc
- use toluene,benzene or bostik formula solvent on p.u and hypalon
how to find your leak!
The best way is to inflate the tube to about 2psi use good old fashioned fairy mixed with water. Spray on the usual places first seams,valves,scores,scrapes, cracks, if you know that one chamber going down and the rest are not, find the bulkhead/ partition and inspect the tube for damage, if none can be found check the valves. to do this dip a brush or your finger in the fairy liquid and draw it over the valve inlet till it forms a bubble, if it grows or keeps popping you may have found the issue to be sure spray the water in to the valve hole and see if bubbles start coming out. if you still cannot find anything start to cover the whole chamber and the ends of the rub band as it may use the strake to travel down the boat and exit at the end.
How bad is your leak?
When you have found the issue it can be repaired a few different ways!
- internal and external patches
- external patch
- opening a seam readhering and stick it back down
- sucking the tube down flat, using a scraper card smooth glue over the leak and let it dry completely for 24hrs
usually if a leak is under 2" it is safe to repair with an external patch on its own but, i would still recommend internal and external patches on anything other than a scrape or emergency repairs. sometimes you are better off making a hole bigger to be able to sand the inside,prime, glue, and also get a repair patch inside.
pvc repairs run down
few important things to note
in some cases fabric can be quite old and stiff or had previous failed repairs with too much adhesive so you will then need to key up or sand off the surface or old adhesive. here is how pvc should look when sanded.
next step is to wipe with M.E.K, you should notice this will soften the fabric and make it a bit more rubbery. once this is done leave for 2 or 3 minutes then start applying glue.
this should be applied in thin even coats. on both surfaces, a prime coat is the first coat and should be transparent and thin let it dry for an hour and re glue both surfaces leave for 5 mins then warm up both with a heat gun or hair dryer, put both glued surfaces together and roll. if it is a tube puncture as soon as you roll the patch let all pressure out. if it is something like transom or a handle leave it inflated.
find your nearest bin or skip and relieve yourself of the stress.. ;-D
hypalon repair guide
when it comes to hypalon there are a variety of different textures and finishes
carbon,honey combe, perlage, fabric impression,smooth.
on the rear or back of the fabric there is smooth grey, non buff black and none buff grey.
all front faces of hypalon must be sanded.
some prefer to still sand/ abraid all types of fabric regardless,
is said to be none buff material but i would recommend sanding it for peace of mind.
grey back smooth will require sanding
it is important to know how much to sand hypalon for the best chances of a successful repair
when repairing carbon or any other textured fabric, you must sand off the texture to a smooth surface
so first you should find the area that requires repairing whether it is a puncture, re attach a handle or patch.
- mark out the area and key up/ sand the surface as shown above.
- prime (first coat) with a good 2 part adhesive and leave for an hour
- re glue both surfaces and leave a few minutes
- apply the patch, handle or stick down and if its a puncture repair let tube down immediately after rolling with a seam roller or other blunt object
- leave at least 24hrs before inflating or putting any strain on glued areas
when repairing p.u its important to remember that p.u doesn't always need sanding, if its newish fabric you can wipe it thoroughly and glue without sanding, if its older then the surface will need sanding with a fine sand paper
- wipe with acetone or toluene
- use same adhesive as hypalon.
- prime and leave an hour or 2
- re glue
- put both surfaces together
- roll thoroughly
- leave 24 hours
failing that retube it with apparently "inferior hypalon" and live happily ever after.. ;-)
lots more useful videos can be found here >ribfix youtube channel<
or our video page